Weaving, as the word suggests is the action of two sets of yarns interlaced to form a fabric or a cloth. Knitting, crocheting, felting and braiding are all versions of weaving.
The way in which these yarns are woven or interlaced affects the finished product. Cloth is traditionally woven on a loom which allows the treads to be held in place while the new or other threads are woven through them. The way in which this is done is called the Weave.
There are 3 basic types of weaves. Plain, Satin and Twill: Plain weave is generally in one colour or a very simple pattern. Satin weave has more patterns running through it and a finer yarn. Twill weave is the tern used to describe a unified repeated pattern.
The loom is used to interlace two sets of threads at right angles to one another. The yarn that runs longitudinally is called the warp and the one that crosses it is called the weft. The warp threads are held taut by the loom and are parallel.
Would you believe that Parrot Fish are constantly renewing their teeth? This has evolved remarkable properties enabling the fish to chew up coral without breaking its pearly whites.
Scientists discovered under the microscope that the enamel, just a few microns in diameter, had been woven using the familiar warp and weft design to form a dense mesh of immense strength. This strength enables the Parrot fish to chew through the hardest of rocks with no less that 530 tons per square inch of pressure!! It’s all in a days’ work for them, like chewing a nice crunchy apple for us mere mortals!